According to Jane Stevens (2014), Multimedia Journalism is a non-linear form of storytelling that combines various media elements that complement each other, rather than being implemented to simply repeat or reaffirm information. The concept of complimentary media elements is something that is seen to be vital to the classification of Multimedia Journalism- ensuring that readers remain engaged and do not lose interest over repetitive data- thus ‘detract(ing) from the (reader) experience’(McAdams 2014).
Are multimedia elements used in stories structured in a linear fashion?
There are still instances of multimedia elements being used in traditional lineal formats. We often see this during large scale events, such as the recent shooting in Munich. In this case The Telegraph summarised the events in the standard beginning, middle & end format, and included the use of maps, amateur video (citizen media) and infographics. A live blog was also updated as new information was made accessible.
This evolution of journalism is something that can be attributed to the advancement of technology– the introduction of the internet, the accessibility of an internet connection and lightening-speed development of the tech in which we can receive our news. The days of casually perusing a newspaper over breakfast are slowly dying out as we now favour viewing concise, interactive updates on our mobiles or tablets.
This is simply better suited to our changing lifestyles- we are no longer limited to the morning delivery from the paperboy, and can now access the news whenever we have a spare moment. Richard Sambrook (cited in Holmes, Hadwin & Mottershead, p.210) explains that the introduction of the internet and our ability to now readily search and discover means that news organisations are no longer the ones in control of what we know.
Stevens, J 2014, ‘Tutorial: Multimedia Storytelling: Learn The Secrets From Experts’, UC Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism, weblog post, 2014, retrieved 24 July 2016, <http://multimedia.journalism.berkeley.edu/tutorials/starttofinish/>
McAdams, M 2014, ‘(Re) Defining Multimedia Journalism’, Thoughts on Journalism, weblog post, 10 April, retrieved 24 July 2016, <https://medium.com/thoughts-on-journalism/re-defining-multimedia-journalism-1f4966df37bc#.hx5iwyo8a>
Alexander, H., Henderson, B., Palazzo, C., Heighton, L., Rothewell, J., Weise, Z., Turner, C., Huggler, J., 2016, ‘Munich shooting: Teenage killer Ali Sonboly ‘inspired by far-right terrorist Anders Breivik’ and ‘used Facebook offer of free McDonald’s food to lure victims”, The Telegraph, retrieved 24 July 2016, <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/07/23/munich-shooting-german-iranian-gunman-targeted-children-outside/#update-20160724-0013>
ABS, 2016, ‘Households with internet access at home, 2007–08 to 2014–15’, graph, ABS, retrieved 24 July 2016, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8146.0>
Photographer Unknown, 2014, ‘Not much has changed over the past 100 years’, photograph, TechDirt, retrieved 24 July 2016, <https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20140804/20514528111/technology-doesnt-make-us-less-social-it-just-changes-way-we-socialize.shtml>
Holmes, T., Hadwin, S., Mottershead, G., 2013, ‘Chapter 8, Convergence’, The 21st Century Journalism Handbook, p210